Two years in the past, Moscow eyed a US-German standoff over the Nord Stream 2 gasoline pipeline as a litmus take a look at of transatlantic energy.

Russia had invested closely within the 750-mile undersea pipeline linking it to Germany and wished to extend international gross sales and ramp up financial leverage over Europe and its power-hungry heavy industries. Germany, a number one shopper, was on board from the get-go. Washington was not.

The USA didn’t need the brand new, high-capacity subsea provide to supplant outdated overland strains that transited Ukraine, offering important income to the more and more Westward-leaning management in Kyiv.

Russia reasoned that if Washington blocked Nord Stream 2, which it in the end did, then it could present that European energy now not flowed by means of Berlin, however truly by way of the White Home.

Quick-forward two years, and studying that transatlantic dynamic post-Angela Merkel, and notably post-Russian President Vladimir Putin’s failing invasion of Ukraine, has turn out to be probably the most urgent political questions vexing the Kremlin.

Uncommon second of steely management: German Chancellor Olaf Scholz’s refusal, in his phrases, “to be pushed” to go it alone in sending tanks to Ukraine — as a substitute standing his floor and demanding US President Joe Biden be a part of him within the enterprise, risking Putin’s wrath — has proven the transatlantic energy dynamic has shifted.

Europe has been gradual to reply to the deep fissures in US politics and the uncertainty one other Trumpian-style presidency might wreak on its allies. Many years of a fairly unshakable reliance, if not full belief, within the US, has been changed by cussed European pragmatism — and Germany leads the way in which.

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