As president, Donald Trump made a few of his most completely dishonest speeches on the annual Conservative Political Motion Convention.

As he embarks on one other marketing campaign for the presidency, Trump delivered one other CPAC doozy Saturday night time.

Trump’s prolonged handle to the right-wing gathering in Maryland was crammed with wildly inaccurate claims about his personal presidency, Joe Biden’s presidency, international affairs, crime, elections and different topics.

Here’s a reality test of 23 of the false claims Trump made. (And that’s removed from the overall.)

Crime in Manhattan

Whereas Trump criticized Manhattan District Lawyer Alvin Bragg, who has been investigating Trump’s firm, he claimed that “killings are going down at a quantity like no person’s ever seen, proper in Manhattan.”

Info First: It isn’t even near true that Manhattan is experiencing a variety of killings that no person has ever seen. The area categorized by the New York Police Division as Manhattan North had 43 reported murders in 2022; that area had 379 reported murders in 1990 and 306 murders in 1993. The Manhattan South area had 35 reported murders in 2022 versus 124 reported murders in 1990 and 86 murders in 1993. New York Metropolis as a complete can be nowhere close to file murder ranges; the town had 438 reported murders in 2022 versus 2,262 in 1990 and 1,927 in 1993.

Manhattan North had simply eight reported murders this 12 months via February 19, whereas Manhattan South had one. The town as a complete had 49 reported murders.

The Nationwide Guard and Minnesota

Speaking about rioting amid racial justice protests after the police homicide of George Floyd in Minneapolis in 2020, Trump claimed he had been able to ship within the Nationwide Guard in Seattle, then added, “We saved Minneapolis. The factor is, we’re not supposed to do this. As a result of it’s as much as the governor, the Democrat governor. They by no means need any assist. They don’t thoughts – it’s virtually like they don’t thoughts to have their cities and states destroyed. There’s one thing mistaken with these individuals.”

Info First: It is a reversal of actuality. Minnesota’s Democratic governor, Tim Walz, not Trump, was the one who deployed the Minnesota Nationwide Guard through the 2020 unrest; Walz first activated the Guard greater than seven hours earlier than Trump publicly threatened to deploy the Guard himself. Walz’s workplace advised CNN in 2020 that the governor activated the Guard in response to requests from officers in Minneapolis and St. Paul – cities additionally run by Democrats.

Trump has repeatedly made the false declare that he was the one who despatched the Guard to Minneapolis. You possibly can learn an extended reality test, from 2020, right here.

Trump’s government order on monuments

Trump boasted that he had taken efficient motion as president to cease the destruction of statues and memorials. He claimed: “I handed and signed an government order. Anyone that does that will get 10 years in jail, with no negotiation – it’s not ’10’ however it turns into three months.” He added: “However we handed it. It was a really outdated regulation, and we discovered it – considered one of my excellent authorized individuals together with [adviser] Stephen Miller, they discovered it. They mentioned, ‘Sir, I don’t know if you wish to try to convey this again.’ I mentioned. ‘I do.’”

Info First: Trump’s declare is fake. He didn’t create a compulsory 10-year sentence for individuals who harm monuments. The truth is, his 2020 government order didn’t mandate any improve in sentences.

Slightly, the manager order merely directed the legal professional normal to “prioritize” investigations and prosecutions of monument-destruction instances and declared that it’s federal coverage to prosecute such instances to the fullest extent permitted beneath current regulation, together with an current regulation that allowed a sentence of as much as 10 years in jail for willfully damaging federal property. The manager order did nothing to power judges to impose a 10-year sentence.

Vandalism in Portland

Trump claimed, “How’s Portland doing? They don’t even have storefronts anymore. Every little thing’s two-by-four’s as a result of they get burned down each week.”

Info First: It is a main exaggeration. Portland clearly nonetheless has lots of of energetic storefronts, although it has struggled with downtown industrial vacancies for numerous causes, and a few companies are typically vandalized by protesters. Trump has for years exaggerated the extent of property harm from protest vandalism in Portland.

Russian expansionism

Boasting of his international coverage file, Trump claimed, “I used to be additionally the one president the place Russia didn’t take over a rustic throughout my time period.”

Info First: Whereas it’s true that Russia didn’t take over a rustic throughout Trump’s time period, it’s not true that he was the one US president beneath whom Russia didn’t take over a rustic. “Completely false,” Michael Khodarkovsky, a Loyola College Chicago historical past professor who’s an skilled on Russian imperialism, mentioned in an electronic mail. “If by Russia he means the present Russian Federation that existed since 1991, then one of the best instance is Clinton, 1992-98. Throughout this time Russia fought a conflict in Chechnya, however Chechnya was not a rustic however considered one of Russia’s areas.”

Khodarkovsky added, “If by Russia he means the united states, as individuals usually do, then from 1945, when the united states occupied a lot of Japanese Europe till 1979, when USSR invaded Afghanistan, Moscow didn’t take over any new nation. It solely despatched forces into international locations it had taken over in 1945 (Hungary 1956, Czechoslovakia 1968).”

NATO funding

Trump mentioned whereas speaking about NATO funding: “And I advised delinquent international nations – they had been delinquent, they weren’t paying their payments – that in the event that they wished our safety, they needed to pay up, they usually needed to pay up now.”

Info First: It’s not true that NATO international locations weren’t paying “payments” till Trump got here alongside or that they had been “delinquent” within the sense of failing to pay payments – as quite a few fact-checkers pointed out when Trump repeatedly used such language throughout his presidency. NATO members haven’t been failing to pay their share of the group’s widespread funds to run the group. And whereas it’s true that almost all NATO international locations weren’t (and nonetheless should not) assembly NATO’s goal of every nation spending a minimal of two% of gross home product on protection, that 2% determine is what NATO calls a “guideline”; it’s not some kind of binding contract, and it doesn’t create liabilities. An official NATO recommitment to the two% guideline in 2014 merely mentioned that members not at present at that stage would “purpose to maneuver in direction of the two% guideline inside a decade.”

NATO Secretary Basic Jens Stoltenberg did credit score Trump for securing will increase in European NATO members’ protection spending, however it’s price noting that these international locations’ spending had additionally elevated within the final two years of the Obama administration following Russia’s 2014 annexation of Ukraine’s Crimea and the recommitment that 12 months to the two% guideline. NATO notes on its web site that 2022 was “the eighth consecutive 12 months of rising defence spending throughout European Allies and Canada.”

NATO’s existence

Boasting of how he had secured further funding for NATO from international locations, Trump claimed, “Really, NATO wouldn’t even exist if I didn’t get them to pay up.”

Info First: That is nonsense.

There was by no means any indication that NATO, created in 1949, would have ceased to exist within the early 2020s with out further funding from some members. The alliance was steady even with many members not assembly the alliance’s guideline of getting members spend 2% of their gross home product on protection.

We don’t usually fact-check claims about what might need occurred in an alternate state of affairs, however this Trump declare has no foundation in actuality. “The quote doesn’t make sense, clearly,” mentioned Erwan Lagadec, analysis professor at George Washington College’s Elliott College of Worldwide Affairs and an skilled on NATO.

Lagadec famous that NATO has had no bother getting allies to cowl the roughly $3 billion in annual “direct” funding for the group, which is “peanuts” to this group of nations. And he mentioned that the one NATO member that had given “any signal” in recent times that it was eager about leaving the alliance “was … the US, beneath Trump.” Lagadec added that the US leaving the alliance is one state of affairs that would realistically kill it, however that clearly wasn’t what Trump was speaking about in his remarks on spending ranges.

James Goldgeier, an American College professor of worldwide relations and Brookings Establishment visiting fellow, mentioned in an electronic mail: “NATO was based in 1949, so it appears very clear that Donald Trump had nothing to do with its existence. The truth is, the fear was that he would pull the US out of NATO, as his nationwide safety adviser warned he would do if he had been reelected.”

The price of NATO’s headquarters

Trump mocked NATO’s headquarters, saying, “They spent – an workplace constructing that price $3 billion. It’s like a skyscraper in Manhattan laid on its facet. It’s one of many longest buildings I’ve ever seen. And I mentioned, ‘You must have – as a substitute of spending $3 billion, you must have spent $500 million constructing the best bunker you’ve ever seen. As a result of Russia didn’t – wouldn’t even want an airplane assault. One tank one shot via that stunning glass constructing and it’s gone.’”

Info First: NATO did spend some huge cash on its headquarters in Belgium, however Trump’s “$3 billion” determine is a significant exaggeration. When Trump used the identical inaccurate determine in early 2020, NATO advised CNN that the headquarters was truly constructed for a sum beneath the permitted funds of about $1.18 billion euro, which is about $1.3 billion at change charges as of Sunday morning.

The Pulitzer Prize

Trump made his common argument that The Washington Publish and The New York Instances mustn’t have received a prestigious journalism award, a 2018 Pulitzer Prize, for his or her reporting on Russian interference within the 2016 election and its connections to Trump’s crew. He then mentioned, “And so they had been precisely mistaken. And now they’ve even admitted that it was a hoax. It was a complete hoax, they usually acquired the prize.”

Info First: The Instances and Publish haven’t made any kind of “hoax” admission. “The declare is totally false,” Instances spokesperson Charlie Stadtlander mentioned in an electronic mail on Sunday.

Stadtlander continued: “When our Pulitzer Prize shared with The Washington Publish was challenged by the previous President, the award was upheld by the Pulitzer Prize Board after an unbiased overview. The board said that ‘no passages or headlines, contentions or assertions in any of the successful submissions had been discredited by details that emerged subsequent to the conferral of the prizes.’ The Instances’s reporting was additionally substantiated by the Mueller investigation and Republican-led Senate Intelligence Committee investigation into the matter.”

The Publish referred CNN to that very same July assertion from the Pulitzer Prize Board.

Consciousness of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline

Trump claimed of his opposition to Russia’s Nord Stream 2 gasoline pipeline to Germany: “Nord Stream 2 – No one ever heard of it … proper? No one ever heard of Nord Stream 2 till I got here alongside. I began speaking about Nord Stream 2. I needed to go name it ‘the pipeline’ as a result of no person knew what I used to be speaking about.”

Info First: That is normal Trump hyperbole; it’s simply not true that “no person” had heard of Nord Stream 2 earlier than he started discussing it. Nord Stream 2 was an everyday topic of media, authorities and diplomatic dialogue earlier than Trump took workplace. The truth is, Biden publicly criticized it as vice chairman in 2016. Trump could properly have generated elevated US consciousness to the controversial mission, however “no person ever heard of Nord Stream 2 till I got here alongside” isn’t true.

Trump and Nord Stream 2

Trump claimed, “I acquired alongside very properly with Putin although I’m the one which ended his pipeline. Bear in mind they mentioned, ‘Trump is giving rather a lot to Russia.’ Actually? Putin truly mentioned to me, ‘If you happen to’re my pal, I’d hate like hell to see you as my enemy.’ As a result of I ended the pipeline, proper? Do you keep in mind? Nord Stream 2.” He continued, “I ended it. It was lifeless.”

Info First: Trump didn’t kill Nord Stream 2. Whereas he did approve sanctions on firms engaged on the mission, that transfer got here practically three years into his presidency, when the pipeline was already round an estimated 90% full – and the state-owned Russian gasoline firm behind the mission mentioned shortly after the sanctions that it will full the pipeline itself. The corporate introduced in December 2020 that development was resuming. And with days left in Trump’s time period in January 2021, Germany introduced that it had renewed permission for development in its waters.

The pipeline by no means started operations; Germany ended up halting the mission as Russia was about to invade Ukraine early final 12 months. The pipeline was broken later within the 12 months in what has been described as an act of sabotage.

The Obama administration and Ukraine

Trump claimed that whereas he offered deadly help to Ukraine, the Obama administration “didn’t wish to get entangled” and merely “equipped the bedsheets.” He mentioned, “Do you keep in mind? They equipped the bedsheets. And perhaps even some pillows from [pillow businessman] Mike [Lindell], who’s sitting proper over right here. … However they equipped the bedsheets.”

Info First: That is inaccurate. Whereas it’s true that the Obama administration declined to supply weapons to Ukraine, it offered greater than $600 million in safety help to Ukraine between 2014 and 2016 that concerned excess of bedsheets. The help included counter-artillery and counter-mortar radars, armored Humvees, tactical drones, night time imaginative and prescient units and medical provides.

Biden and a Ukrainian prosecutor

Trump claimed that Biden, as vice chairman, held again a billion {dollars} from Ukraine till the nation fired a prosecutor who was “after Hunter” and an organization that was paying him. Trump was referring to Hunter Biden, Joe Biden’s son, who sat on the board of Ukrainian vitality firm Burisma Holdings.

Info First: That is baseless. There has by no means been any proof that Hunter Biden was beneath investigation by the prosecutor, Viktor Shokin, who had been broadly faulted by Ukrainian anti-corruption activists and European international locations for failing to research corruption. A former Ukrainian deputy prosecutor and a high anti-corruption activist have each mentioned the Burisma-related investigation was dormant on the time Joe Biden pressured Ukraine to fireplace Shokin.

Daria Kaleniuk, government director of Ukraine’s Anti-Corruption Motion Heart, advised The Washington Publish in 2019: “Shokin was not investigating. He didn’t wish to examine Burisma. And Shokin was fired not as a result of he wished to do this investigation, however fairly on the contrary, as a result of he failed that investigation.” As well as, Shokin’s successor as prosecutor normal, Yuriy Lutsenko, advised Bloomberg in 2019: “Hunter Biden didn’t violate any Ukrainian legal guidelines – not less than as of now, we don’t see any wrongdoing.”

Biden, as vice chairman, was finishing up the coverage of the US and its allies, not pursuing his personal agenda, in threatening to withhold a billion-dollar US mortgage assure if the Ukrainian authorities didn’t sack Shokin. CNN fact-checked Trump’s claims on this topic at size in 2019.

Trump and job creation

Promising to avoid wasting People’ jobs if he’s elected once more, Trump claimed, “We had the best job historical past of any president ever.”

Info First: That is false. The US misplaced about 2.7 million jobs throughout Trump’s presidency, the worst total jobs file for any president. The web loss was largely due to the Covid-19 pandemic, however even Trump’s pre-pandemic jobs file – about 6.7 million jobs added – was removed from the best of any president ever. The economic system added greater than 11.5 million jobs within the first time period of Democratic President Invoice Clinton within the Nineties.

Tariffs on China

Trump repeated a commerce declare he made incessantly throughout his presidency. Talking of China, he mentioned he “charged them” with tariffs that had the impact of “bringing in lots of of billions of {dollars} pouring into our Treasury from China. Thanks very a lot, China.” He claimed that he did this although “no different president had gotten even 10 cents – not one president acquired something from them.”

Info First: As we’ve got written repeatedly, it’s not true that no president earlier than Trump had generated any income via tariffs on items from China. In actuality, the US has had tariffs on China for greater than two centuries, and FactCheck.org reported in 2019 that the US generated an “common of $12.3 billion in customized duties a 12 months from 2007 to 2016, in line with the U.S. Worldwide Commerce Fee DataWeb.” Additionally, American importers, not Chinese language exporters, make the precise tariff funds – and examine after examine throughout Trump’s presidency discovered that People had been bearing most of the price of the tariffs.

The commerce deficit with China

Trump went on to repeat a false declare he made greater than 100 occasions as president – that the US used to have a commerce deficit with China of greater than $500 billion. He claimed it was “five-, six-, seven-hundred billion {dollars} a 12 months.”

Info First: The US has by no means had a $500 billion, $600 billion or $700 billion commerce deficit with China even in the event you solely depend commerce in items and ignore the companies commerce during which the US runs a surplus with China. The pre-Trump file for a items deficit with China was about $367 billion in 2015. The products deficit hit a brand new file of about $418 billion beneath Trump in 2018 earlier than falling again beneath $400 billion in subsequent years.

Trump and the 2020 election

Trump mentioned individuals declare they wish to run towards him although, he claimed, he received the 2020 election. He mentioned, “I received the second election, OK, received it by rather a lot. , once they say, once they say Biden received, the good individuals know that didn’t [happen].”

Info First: That is Trump’s common lie. He misplaced the 2020 election to Biden honest and sq., 306 to 232 within the Electoral Faculty. Biden earned greater than 7 million extra votes than Trump did.

Democrats and elections

Trump mentioned Democrats are solely good at “disinformation” and “dishonest on elections.”

Info First: That is nonsense. There’s simply no foundation for a broad declare that Democrats are election cheaters. Election fraud and voter fraud are exceedingly uncommon in US elections, although such crimes are sometimes dedicated by officers and supporters of each events. (We’ll ignore Trump’s subjective declare about “disinformation.”)

The liberation of the ISIS caliphate

Trump repeated his acquainted story about how he had supposedly liberated the “caliphate” of terror group ISIS in “three weeks.” This time, he mentioned, “The truth is, with the ISIS caliphate, a sure normal mentioned it might solely be completed in three years, ‘and possibly it could’t be completed in any respect, sir.’ And I did it in three weeks. I went over to Iraq, met a terrific normal. ‘Sir, I can do it in three weeks.’ You’ve heard that story. ‘I can do it in three weeks, sir.’ ‘How are you going to do this?’ They defined it. I did it in three weeks. I used to be advised it couldn’t be completed in any respect, that it will take not less than three years. Did it in three weeks. Knocked out 100% of the ISIS caliphate.”

Info First: Trump’s declare of eliminating the ISIS caliphate in “three weeks” isn’t true; the ISIS “caliphate” was declared absolutely liberated greater than two years into Trump’s presidency, in 2019. Even when Trump was beginning the clock on the time of his go to to Iraq, in late December 2018, the liberation was proclaimed greater than two and a half months later. As well as, Trump gave himself far an excessive amount of credit score for the defeat of the caliphate, as he has prior to now, when he mentioned “I did it”: Kurdish forces did a lot of the bottom preventing, and there was main progress towards the caliphate beneath President Barack Obama in 2015 and 2016.

IHS Markit, an data firm that studied the altering dimension of the caliphate, reported two days earlier than Trump’s 2017 inauguration that the caliphate shrunk by 23% in 2016 after shrinking by 14% in 2015. “The Islamic State suffered unprecedented territorial losses in 2016, together with key areas very important for the group’s governance mission,” an analyst there mentioned in a assertion on the time.

Navy tools left in Afghanistan

Trump claimed, as he has earlier than, that the US left behind $85 billion price of army tools when it withdrew from Afghanistan in 2021. He mentioned of the chief of the Taliban: “Now he’s acquired $85 billion price of our tools that I purchased – $85 billion.” He added later: “The factor that no person ever talks about, we misplaced 13 [soldiers], we misplaced $85 billion price of the best army tools on this planet.”

Info First: Trump’s $85 billion determine is fake. Whereas a major amount of army tools that had been offered by the US to Afghan authorities forces was certainly deserted to the Taliban upon the US withdrawal, the Protection Division has estimated that this tools had been price about $7.1 billion – a bit of about $18.6 billion price of kit offered to Afghan forces between 2005 and 2021. And a few of the tools left behind was rendered inoperable earlier than US forces withdrew.

As different fact-checkers have beforehand defined, the “$85 billion” is a rounded-up determine (it’s nearer to $83 billion) for the overall sum of money Congress has appropriated through the conflict to a fund supporting the Afghan safety forces. A minority of this funding was for tools.

The Afghanistan withdrawal and the F-16

Trump claimed that the Taliban acquired F-16 fighter planes due to the US withdrawal, saying: “They feared the F-16s. And now they personal them. Consider it.”

Info First: That is false. F-16s weren’t among the many tools deserted upon the US withdrawal and the collapse of the Afghan armed forces, because the Afghan armed forces didn’t fly F-16s.

The border wall

Trump claimed that he had saved his promise to finish a wall on the border with Mexico: “As you realize, I constructed lots of of miles of wall and accomplished that activity as promised. After which I started so as to add much more in areas that gave the impression to be permitting lots of people to return in.”

Info First: It’s not true that Trump “accomplished” the border wall. In accordance with an official “Border Wall Standing” report written by US Customs and Border Safety two days after Trump left workplace, about 458 miles of wall had been accomplished beneath Trump – however about 280 extra miles that had been recognized for wall development had not been accomplished.

The report, offered to CNN’s Priscilla Alvarez, mentioned that, of these 280 miles left to go, about 74 miles had been “within the pre-construction part and haven’t but been awarded, in areas the place no boundaries at present exist,” and that 206 miles had been “at present beneath contract, instead of dilapidated and outdated designs and in areas the place no boundaries beforehand existed.”

Latin America and deportations

Trump advised his acquainted story about how, till he was president, the US was unable to deport MS-13 gang members to different international locations, “particularly” Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras as a result of these international locations “didn’t need them.”

Info First: It’s not true that, as a rule, Guatemala and Honduras wouldn’t take again migrants being deported from the US throughout Obama’s administration, although there have been some particular person exceptions.

In 2016, simply previous to Trump’s presidency, neither Guatemala nor Honduras was on the checklist of nations that Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) thought of “recalcitrant,” or uncooperative, in accepting the return of their nationals.

For the 2016 fiscal 12 months, Obama’s final full fiscal 12 months in workplace, ICE reported that Guatemala and Honduras ranked second and third, behind solely Mexico, by way of the nation of citizenship of individuals being faraway from the US. You possibly can learn an extended reality test, from 2019, right here.

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